Bauhaus was a school of art that operated from 1919 to 1933 in Germany which loosely translates as building (bau) and house (haus). The school was founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius, with the aim of bringing all the different arts under one roof and to change the way of thinking around them as a collective. The school had multiple locations by the time if closed but started in Weimar. The school was a radical new approach to teaching arts, it intended to combine aesthetics with function, to collaborate the different arts using a workshop lead curriculum. In a post WW1 world, the school attracted young politically radical students because of its progressive views on art and politics. The Bauhaus was concerned with melding design and production to create products that could be mass produced. Its minimalist, no frills, contemporary designs remain modern looking and have influenced modern design greatly. The School involved multiple different creative disciplines into its curriculum including photography which was used to document the works at the school. Eventually they were forced out of Weimar and moved to Dessau where they built the new school from scratch using architectural styles unique to the Bauhaus way. They then moved a further time to Berlin where after a short period of time voluntarily shut down the school after pressure mounted from the Nazis. Having been evicted multiple times and with Nazis rule continuing to supress art and design in Germany, members of the Bauhaus school left Germany and spread out across the world, where they spread the ideas and concepts that the school taught. This helped to popularise the movement and has led to its level of influence. After World War 2 capitalism and the global market grew in size and influence. One of the consequences was that advertising and marketing was transformed and the Bauhaus style was a popular aesthetic amongst these now global advertisement campaigns.
The Wassily Chair was designed by Marcel Breuer in 1926. Much in the Bauhaus philosophy of combining the design and industry this chair came about because of a new innovation in steel working was developed. Breuer was inspired by his handlebars on his bike. Using this new way of making seamless steel tubing that can be bent, he designed a chair made out of a bent steel frame with leather slings across. It utilises an industrial technique that can be mass produced and employees the minimalist no frills design approach that made Bauhaus unique.